1. What is breast cancer?


· Breast cancer is a cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast.

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b. Where is it located?

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· In your Breast.


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c. Who is at risk?

· Age and gender: As you get older the risks of you getting breast cancer increases. Breast cancer is found in women over the age 50. Women are 100 times more likely to get breast cancer then men.
· Family history: People with have a close relative who had breast, uterine, or colon cancer may have a higher risk of getting breast cancer. About 20 to 30 percent of women with breast cancer have a family history of the disease.
· Genes: Some people have genes that make them more prone to developing breast cancer. The most common gene defects are found in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. These genes normally produce proteins that protect you from cancer. But if a parent passes you a defective gene, you have an increased risk for breast cancer. Women with one of these defects have up to an 80 percent chance of getting breast cancer sometime during their life.
· Menstrual cycle: Women who get their periods early (before age 12) or went through menopause late (after age 55) have an increased risk for breast cancer.

d. How is it diagnosed?


· Mammography to help identify the breast lump
· Breast MRI to help better identify the breast lump
· Breast ultrasound to show whether the lump is solid or fluid-filled
· Breast biopsy, needle aspiration or breast lump removal to remove all or part of the breast lump for closer examination by a laboratory specialist
· CT scan
· Sentinal lymph node biopsy
· PET scan
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f. What are the signs?


· Breast lump or lump in the armpit, that is hard, has uneven edges and usually does not hurt.
· Change in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple. For example, you may have redness, dimpling or puckering that looks like the skin of an orange.
· Fluid coming from the nipple. May be bloody, clear-to-yellow, or green, and look like pus.
· Men get breast cancer, too. Symptoms include breast lump and breast pain and tenderness.
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Symptoms of advanced breast cancer may include:

· Bone pain
· Breast pain or discomfort
· Skin ulcers
· Swelling of one arm (next to breast with cancer)
· Weight loss

g. How can I prevent it?


Your family history can’t be controlled, but a healthy diet and a few lifestyle changes may reduce your overall chance of developing cancer.

· Breast self-exams (BSE)
· Clinical breast exams by a medical professional
· Screening mammography



h. How can it be treated?

· Chemotherapy: medicines to kill cancer cells.
· Radiation therapy: to destroy cancerous tissue.
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