What is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is a cancer of lymph tissue found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, bone marrow, and other sites.
Who is at risk?
Anyone and everyone is at risk of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. The first sign of this cancer is often an enlarged lymph node which appears without a known cause. The disease can spread to nearby lymph nodes. Later it may spread to the spleen, liver, bone marrow, or other organs.
How is it diagnosed?
The disease may be diagnosed after a biopsy of suspected tissue, usually lymph node biopsy or a bone marrow biopsy.
Are there any stages?
Stage I
Cancer is found in only one lymph node area or in only one area or organ outside of the lymph nodes. Treatment depends on whether the patient has stage IA or stage IB disease and where the cancer is found.
Stage II
Either of the following may be true:
Cancer is found in two or more lymph node areas on the same side of the diaphragm (the thin muscle under the lungs that helps us breathe).
Cancer is found in only one area or organ outside of the lymph nodes and in the lymph nodes around it. Other lymph node areas on the same side of the diaphragm may also have cancer.
Treatment depends on whether the patient has stage IIA or stage IIB disease and where the cancer is found.
Stage III
Cancer is found in lymph node areas on both sides of the diaphragm. The cancer may also have spread to an area or organ near the lymph node areas and/or to the spleen.
Stage IV
Cancer has spread in more than one spot to an organ or organs outside the lymph system. Cancer cells may or may not be found in the lymph nodes near these organs.
Cancer has spread to only one organ outside the lymph system, but lymph nodes far away from that organ are involved.
Clinical trials of chemotherapy with bone marrow transplantation.
What are the signs?
Painless swelling of lymph nodes in neck, underarm and groin. Fever, Night Sweats, Fatigue, and Weight Loss.
Some symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease may resemble other blood disorders or medical problems, such as influenza or other infections. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
How can I prevent it?
There are no clear-cut steps established by the medical community that prevent Hodgkin's disease.
How can it be treated?
Treatment depends on which stage of the disease you are in.
Treatment primarily depends on the following:
The type of Hodgkin's lymphoma (most people have classic Hodgkin's)
The stage (where the disease is found)
Whether the tumor is more than 4 inches (10 cm) wide
The patient's age and other medical issues
Other factors, including weight loss, night sweats, and fever.