Liver Cancer
Hepatocellular carcinoma is cancerous tumors in the liver. It is different from metastatic liver cancer, because it is never spread from another organ and made in the liver. It occurs more often in men than women. It is usually seen in people ages 50 - 60. It is more common in parts of Africa and Asia than in North or South America and Europe.
The cause of liver cancer is usually from cirrhosis. Cirrhosis may be caused from alcohol abuse (which is most common in America), autoimmune diseases of the liver, diseases that cause liver inflammation, hepatitis B or C, or too much iron in the body (hemochroatosis). Patients with Hepatitis B or C are always at risk for liver cancer even if there is no cirrhosis. If you have chronic hepatitis or known cirrhosis, periodic screening with liver ultrasound or measurement of blood alpha fetoprotein levels may help detect this cancer early.
Signs from liver cancer can only be found in testing. That is until it is too bad to be recovered. Testing for liver cancer can be identified from enlarged tender liver during physical examination, CT scans, ultrasounds, biopsy, and liver function test testing for liver enzymes, scans or serum alpha fetoprotein.
The effects of liver cancer can include: abdominal pain, especially in the upper-right part, easy bruising and bleeding, enlarged abdomen, and yellow skin or eyes (jaundice).
Staging is the process of finding out how widespread a cancer is. The stage of a liver cancer is one of the most important factors in considering treatment options.
1. There is a single tumor (any size) that has not grown into any blood vessels. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
2. Either there is a single tumor (any size) that has grown into blood vessels; OR there are several tumors, and all are less than 5 cm (2 inches) in diameter. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
3. Stage three is broken down in 3 parts.
· There are several tumors, and at least one is larger than 5 cm (2 inches) across. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
· At least one tumor is growing into a branch of the major liver blood vessels (portal vein or hepatic vein). The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
· A tumor is growing into a nearby organ (other than the gallbladder); OR a tumor has grown into the outer covering of the liver. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites.
4. Tumors in the liver can be any size or number and they may have grown into blood vessels or nearby organs. The cancer has invaded nearby lymph nodes. The cancer has not spread to distant sites
5. The cancer has spread to other parts of the body. (Tumors can be any size or number, and nearby lymph nodes may or may not be involved.)

Recovery’s usual outcome is poor, because only 10-20% of the tumors can be removed using surgery. Aggressive surgery or a liver transplant can successfully treat small or slow-growing tumors if diagnosed early. However, most patients are not diagnosed early. Chemotherapy and radiation are not usually effective. But can be used to shrink large tumors so that surgery can be more successful. The usual complications from surgery are gastrointestinal bleeding, liver failure, or spreading to other organs. If the cancer cannot be completely removed, the disease is usually fatal within 3- 6 months. However survival can vary.
Preventing and treating viral hepatitis may help reduce your risk. Childhood vaccination against hepatitis B may reduce the risk of liver cancer in the future. Avoid drinking excessive amounts of alcohol. Certain patients may benefit from screening for hemochromatosis.

liver cancer
liver cancer
Kayla Morgan