Questions to Answer

a. What is _ cancer?

b. Where is it located?

c. Who is at risk?

d. How is it diagnosed?

e. Are there any stages? If so, explain them.

f. What are the signs?

g. How can I prevent it?

h. How can it be treated?

i. Include any other interesting facts. How can it be treated?

A. Ovarian cancer (ovarian cancer) is a malignant tumor of the ovary of the woman, but one of the relatively rare cancers.

B. Its located in a woman's ovaries

C. Older women are at risk of this cancer. Between ages of 55 to 74. Also if a member of your immediate family had ovarian cancer or if you had breast or colon cancer.

D. It can go undetected for months until it spreads to the pelvis and abdomen and it’s considered the silent killer. There are really no tests to detect it.

E. There are 4 stages of ovarian cancer and stages 1 thru 3 have sub-stages within them.

a.Stage I- the cancer is still in the ovaries and hasn’t spread to the outside of the ovary yet.

b.Stage II- the cancer is in one or both of the ovaries and is starting to spread to other organs within the pelvis.

c.Stage III- the cancer is in one or both ovaries and/or spread beyond the pelvis to the lining of the abdomen and spread to the lymph nodes.

d.Stage IV- this is the most advanced stage. The cancer has spread to the inside of the liver, lungs, and other organs outside the peritoneum cavity.

F. The signs of ovarian cancer aren’t as noticeable as other cancer, because they could be something minor. Signs include: Pressure or pain in the abdomen, pelvis, back, or legs. Swollen or bloated abdomen. Nausea, indigestion, gas, constipation, or diarrhea. Feeling tired all the time. Less common signs are: Shortness of breath. Feeling the need to urinate often. Unusual vaginal bleeding like heavy periods or bleeding after menopause.

G. There are really no ways to prevent ovarian cancer. But some things you can do to cut your chances to getting it are: Oral Contraceptives, Dietary Modification and Exercise, Pregnancy and Breast Feeding, Genetic Counseling, Tubal Ligation, and Ovary Removal.

H. There are many ways to treat ovarian cancer like surgery and radiation therapy. If you decide surgery you can choose removing the uterus, both ovaries, fallopian tubes, lymph nodes, omentum, and other tissues around the pelvis and abdomen.

I. Itsconsidered the silent killer and is hard to detect. About 76% of women with ovarian cancer survive 1 year after diagnosis. About 45% live longer than 5 years after diagnosis. If diagnosis is made early and treatment is received before the cancer spreads outside the ovary, the 5 year survival rate is about 94%.