PEDIATRIC CANCER: By Taylor Hathaway

What is Pediatric Cancer? Well pediatric cancer is the type of cancer found in young children which affect families. The most common types of cancer seen in children and teenagers are lymphoma, leukemia, germ cell tumors, melanoma, tumors of the central nervous system, sarcoma, and breast, cervical, liver, thyroid and colorectal cancers. Anyone of these types of deadly diseases may consume a child’s life although it’s more common between the ages 15 and 39. This cancer has signs such as continued, unexplained weight loss, headaches, often with early morning vomiting, increased swelling or persistent pain in bones, joints, back, or legs, lump or mass, especially in the abdomen, neck, chest, pelvis, or armpits, development of excessive bruising, bleeding, or rash, and various other signs. external image ChildCancerRibbonMagnet.jpg

Pediatric cancer can be diagnosed by simply a biopsy depending on the certain signs. Doctors and researchers don’t know what causes most childhood cancers. A small percentage of cancers can be linked to the genetic disorder, or other inherited genetic abnormalities, and previous radiation treatment. Environmental causes (exposure to infectious and toxic substances) may also be a possible cause of pediatric cancer. Since some cancers have not found a specific cause, the way to prevent childhood cancer is still unknown. Some treatment processes can be chemotherapy, radiation therapy, bone marrow, or stem cell transplant which may stop the growth of rapidly dividing cancer cells. The damage from these cancer treatments can be mild or serious, and the effects may be seen during treatment or months to years later